SATテストの準備

Vocabulary and Grammar
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内容 明細
Sentence, phrase, clause, fragment Click
  1. What is a sentence?
  • Complete thought
  • subject and verb
  • fragments
  • clauses
  • Declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory

 

  1. Present Tense
  • Simple present and present progressive
  • Adverbs used with present and present progressive
  • non-action verbs

 

  1. Past Tense
  • Expressing past tense
  • Irregular verb conjugations
  • Simple past and past progressive
  • Time clause used for past tense

 

  1. Future Tense
  • Expressing future time
  • be going to vs. will
  • -Time clause used for future tense and if-clause
  • Future tense using present progressive
  • Future tense using the simple present
  • Immediate future and Parallel Verbs

 

 

  1. Present perfect and Past perfect
  • Past participle
  • Simple past and present perfect
  • Time clause used with present perfect.
  • Present perfect progressive
  • Past perfect

 

  1. Question sentence
  • Yes/No questions
  • Where, when, why, and what time, what, how, and who
  • How about and What about
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Basics 2
Sentence, Present Time Click

Present Tense

  • Simple present and present progressive
  • Adverbs used with present and present progressive
  • non-action verbs

 

  1. Repeated or habitual actions.
  • I take the bus to go to work.
  • The train to Tokyo Station leaves every hour.
  • My dog sleeps very few hours every night.
  • I get up early every morning.
  • My child brushes her teeth twice a day.
  • A flock of birds travels to the south every winter.

 

  1. For facts.
  • The wise man lives in the mountain.
  • An elephant has the largest brain of mammals.
  • We come from Korea.

 

  1. Universal Truth.
  • We get a lot in winter.
  • The King's Palace in the center of the city.
  • Babies speak their language.
  • Conjugation of present tense

 

 

- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Present Tense
Sentence, Past Time Click

Past Tense

  1. Expressing past time using time words, phrase, and clauses
  • Yesterday, last night, two days ago, in 1990
  • Time clause ex.
  • After I finished my work, …
  • Before…
  • Until …
  • As soon as…
  • While…
  • When…
  1. Expressing past habits: used to
  2. Verbs for past tense: regular and irregular conjugation
  3. The past progressive
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Past Tense
Sentence, Future Time Click

Future Tense

  1. Certain future tense in two forms:
  • Will
  • Be going to

 

  1. Not so certain future tense:
  • Probably - He probably won't be in the school,
  • She probably won't be in school.

 

  1. Keyword to indicate uncertain future tense,:
  • May - She may come tomorrow. She may not come tomorrow.
  • Maybe - Maybe, she will come tomorrow. Maybe, she will not come tomorrow.

 

  1. Predicting a future event
  • Be going to - It is going to be rain tomorrow.
  • Intention, Will
  • I will help here this time.

 

  1. Causes and If-Clauses
  • Before I go to school, I am going to eat breakfast.
  • If it rains tomorrow, I am going to stay home.
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Future Tense
Present Perfect and Past Perfect Click

Perfect Tense

  • Past participles, Irregular past participles
  • Present Perfect Question and Answer
  • Have you finished your dinner? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
  • Have you not seen that movie? Yes, I have.

 

  1. Comparison between simple present and present perfect
  • Activities or situation occurred in the past, single time, or multiple times.
  • Tom has eaten at that restaurant multiple times.

 

  1. Using “since” and “for”
  • When used with “since” or “for”, activities or situation that occurred in the past and continuing even now.
  • I have known him for a long time.

 

  1. Simple Past vs. Present Perfect
  • Past – clearly known point in the past
  • Present perfect – Not clear when it happened.
  • I finished my homework two hours ago. (Clear when finished)
  • I was in China last year.
  • I was in China for one week. (But, not now)
  • I have already finished my homework. (not clear when)
  • I have been in China many times.
  • I was in China for one week. (I am still in China)

 

  1. Present perfect progressive
  • Expresses duration of activities or situation that is lasting even now (Often “since” or “for” is used)

 

  1. Using “already, yet, still, and any more.”
  • Words that expresses past activities or situation, but without the clear indication of when.

Past perfect

  1. Expresses activities or situation before the clear point of past.
  • I had finished my homework when chime rang.
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Perfect Tense
Question Sentences Click

Question sentence

  • Yes/No questions
  • Contraction rule in Written English

 

  1. Only “is” with Where What Who will be “Where’s, What’s, Who’s” in Written English.
  • Where, when, why and what time, what, how, and who, Which one

 

  1. Omission – Which (pen) is it? Whose (book) are you reading? How (pretty) was she? How (old) was he?
  • How far, How often, How long How about, What about, What kind of

 

  1. How many times a day..? How often…? How many days …?
  • How about and What about

 

  1. How about asking about here? How about you? What about asking her dinner?
  • Tag questions
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - Questions
Sentence, The Passive Click

The Passive Voice

  1. Usage of the passive
  • When it is not important to know who performs an action (without “by”)
  • “by” phrase is to indicate how performs an action

 

  1. Indirect objects as Passive objects
  • I gave him a book. He was given a book by me. A book was given to him by me.

 

  1. Stative Passive
  • The passive forms are used as the adjective. The water is frozen. Instead of ”by”, “with” and “to” are used.
  • I was satisfied with your answer. She is married to him.

 

  1. Common stative passive Verbs:
  • Be accustomed to, be engaged to, be opposed to, be acquainted with, be equipped with, be addicted to, be excited about, be pleased with, be annoyed with, by, be exhausted from, be protected from, be associated with, be exposed with, be provided with, be bored with, by, be filled with, be qualified for, be finished with, be cluttered with, be frightened of, by be composed of, be connected to, be gone from, be related to, be remembered for, be coordinated with, be covered with, be crowded with, be interested in, be involved in be satisfied with, be scared of, by, be dedicated to, be devoted to, be limited to, be worried about, be disappointed in, with be located in, be discriminated against, be divorced from, be made of, be done with, be married to, be dressed in

 

  1. Passive with “get”
  • Get + adjective, Get + Passive participle
  • I got hungry, I got stunned. I got worried. I got transferred to another department.

 

  1. Participial adjective
  • Passive form acts like adjectives – confused people, brightened room
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - The passive, Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - The passive, Basics 2
- SAT Grammar, Sentence - The passive
Comparison Sentences Click

Comparative and Superlative

  1. Adjective and adverb
  • Older, more beautiful, more quickly *followed by than
  • Oldest, most beautiful, most quickly *superlative begins with “the.”

 

  1. Completing and modifying comparatives
  • He is older than I (am). She study harder than I (do) His house is smaller than mine.
  • Comparative come with much, a lot, far, but not by “very”, she is much older than I. (incorrect – He is very older than I. You may say, he is very old.)
  • Unclear comparison when the comparison is not complete. She likes her cat better than her friend (does). Without "does", it may mean a different meaning.

 

  1. Using comparative with noun
  • More coffee = additional coffee ("than" is not necessary) more people lives here than over there. (Comparison is complete with “than”) Want to have some more (incomplete, but clear meaning)
  • Repeating comparative
  • The repeating comparison indicates the it is progressively changing. He is going faster and faster. His theory gets more and more complicated.
  • The double comparison is the form, The comparative …, the comparative … The faster he goes, the more he gains. The thicker the cloth is, the warmer it is. The more, the merrier.

 

  1. Using superlatives
  • The best of all, the most respected person in the town, The wisest man I have ever known. The least difficult of all. She is one of the smartest girls in the school.
  • Comparing using as … as, less … than, not as … as
  • As … as, adjective, or adverb. As quickly as, as smooth as,
  • As … as may have just, nearly, almost. Just as heavy as Tom, nearly as heavy as Tom, almost as heavy as Tom.
  • Not as … as may have quite, nearly. Not quite as tall as Peter, not nearly as tall as Peter
  • Less … as, not as … as can be used with more than one syllable, less expensive than an egg. Not as beautiful as she is. But, as … as uses only one syllable adjective or adverb. As swift as the small animal

 

  1. Using the same, similar, different, like, alike.
  • The same, similar, different – adjective.
  • The same as that one, similar to that one, different from that one.
  • The same age as my mother
  • Your computer is like mine. My computer and yours are alike.
  • Look like, sound like, feel like, taste like, acting like, seem like
  • Look-alike, think alike, act alike, talk alike, dress alike.

 

- SAT Grammar, Sentence for Comparison
Conditional Sentences Click

Conditional Sentences and wishes

  1. True in present and future tense
  • Simple present tense, if I have extra time, I stop by your place to help you. If it rains, we should stay home.
  • Simple past tense, If I had extra time, I would stop by your place to help you.
  • Past perfect, if I had had extra time, I would have stopped by your place to help you.
  1. Untrue in the present or future tense
  • Present untrue, If I were a bird, I would fly all day long. If I went to see here, I would be shocked by her attitude.
  • Future untrue, If I had a house, I would be living happily. If you took that flag, you could be the winner of this race.
  1. Untrue in the past
  • If you have told me about the party, I would have joined you yesterday.
  • If I hadn’t made a mistake in the test, I could have got the best score in the class.
  • If I had had enough money, I could have bought a sports car.
  1. Progressive form in conditional sentence
  • If she were crying all day long, I would be feeling so bad about it.
  • If I were leading the group ahead of our competitors, I would have encouraged much more.
  1. Mixed time
  • If I had eaten breakfast this morning, I would not be hungry now.
  • If she were talented lady, she could have completed that task before the deadline.
  1. Omitting “if”
  • If … should … (uncertainty). If anyone should call, I would not answer. If can be omitted in this sentence. Should anyone call, I would not answer.
  • More omission of “if”. Were I you, I wouldn’t go there. Had I knew that, I would have suggested not to take the offer.
  1. Implied conditions
  • I would have done that, but I did not have enough resources.
  • Otherwise, he would have broken his leg.
  1. As if, as though
    • It looks as if it is going to snow. It looks as though it is going to snow.
    • She talks as if she were a child. He is so smart as if he had graduated form a famous college.
    • She acted as though she had won the lotto ticket.
  1. Wish by “would”
  • I wish she would go there. (She will not go there)
  • I wish it weren’t raining right now. (It is raining now)
  • I wish he had come. (He did not come)
  • I wish it would stop. (Hoping it will stop in the future = not certain)
  • I wish you would come. (You may come, not sure)

 

- SAT Grammar, Conditional Wish 1
- SAT Grammar, Conditional Wish 2
Noun basics Click

Nouns and Pronouns

  1. Plural Forms of Nouns, Subject-verb agreement
  • Hats, seeds, pages babies, roses, leaves, potatoes, Children, fish, cacti,
  • Every student stands up. Everybody hopes it will happen. People here are different.
  1. Subjects, objects of verb, Objects of prepositions
  • Fish swim. Fish needs water. Fish live in water, before the time,
  • Place and time, the order of words
  • in for (the future, the morning, May 2015) month, year,\season, century
  • on for (may 5, 2015, on Thursday, on Wednesday morning) day, weekday, weekday morning
  • at for (night, midnight, 10:00 am, present) noon, night, midnight, exact time, present, moment, the present time
  1. Using nouns as adjectives
  • I have a garden terrace. She visited shoe store. They take a language program.
  • Personal pronouns and possessive nouns
  • Lady’s stores, Their stores, Tom’s lunch, his lunch, men’s room, his room,
  1. Possessive nouns and adjectives
  • My pizza, mine, your book, yours, his cards, his, our hero, ours,
  • It’s is a contraction of it is, its is a possessive adjective
  1. Reflective pronoun
  • I let myself go this time. She criticized herself for what she did. I was left by myself.
  1. Single form of Other, Another, the other
  • Another, one more out of a group of similar items.
  • The other, the last one in a specific group.
  1. Plural form for Other, other(s) and the other(s)
  • Other(s), several others out of a group of similar items. The other pens, The others
  • The other(s)
  • , the last ones in a specific group. The other book, The others.

 

  1. Count and Non-count nouns
  • A chair, furniture, letters, mail, apples fruit, (non-count nouns is the group name of various items.)
  • Non-counting nouns, homework, housework, advice, information, grammar, slang, vocabulary, food, equipment, clothing, fruit, jewelry, mail, money, scenery, traffic, German, Chinese, literature, music, poetry, dirt, flour, hair, rice, salt, sand, sugar, pepper, history, literature, music, poetry
  • Liquids, coffee, tea, soup, water, oil, milk,
  • Solids or gas cluster, bread, paper, soap, wood, fish, ice, butter, cheese, beef, chicken, glass, gold, iron, air, pollution, smog, smoke, gas
  • Nature related matters, weather, darkness, light, sunshine, snow, rain, lightening, thunder,
  • Abstract concepts, beauty, fun health, time, courage, honesty, luck happiness, experience, patience, violence, genericity, help, ignorance
  1. Both count and noncount
  • Hair, his hair is red. There is a hair on your shoulder.
  • Iron is hard, Please press my pants with an iron.
  • We use some paper for this event. He wrote an academic paper last year.
  • We made some coffee this morning. Two coffees, please.
  • We had some chicken for the lunch. We got a chicken on the farm.
  1. Several, a lot of, many much, a few, a little,
  • Use with countable nouns, several, a lot of, many, a few
  • Use with non-countable nouns, a lot of, much, a little
  1. Using units of measure
  • I had some coffee; I had three cups of coffee.
  • I ate some bread.
  • I ate half loaf of bread.
  1. Article usage rule
  • A cat. Some dogs, One or some count noun.
  • Cats are quiet. Count noun, generalized by plural form.
  • Fruit is good for your health. Non-count noun. We need some bread, some milk.
  • The cat, the dogs, the fruit. “the” means speaker and listener are thinking about the same thing.
  • I got some fruit. The fruit is ripe. Speaker mentioned a noun second time.
  • The is not used for the names of the continent, the names of most countries, the name of cities.
  • The is used with the names of rivers, oceans, and seas, not the name of lakes.
  • The is used with the names with of individual mountains.
  1. Capitalization
  • Months, days, holidays
  • The names of place, city, state, country, continents, oceans, lake, river, desert, mountain, school, business, street, building, park, zoo
  • The name of courses, the name of books, articles, movies.
  • He name of languages and nationalities, religions.
- SAT Grammar, Nouns - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Nouns - Basics 2
- SAT Grammar, Nouns - Basics 3
- SAT Grammar, Nouns - Group Names
Nouns and Pronouns Click

Pronoun

  1. Pronoun agreement
  • A student must submit his/her homework.
  • A student must submit his or her homework.
  • Students must submit their homework.
  • Someone ate his lunch. (acceptable – Someone ate their lunches.)
  • Everyone ate his or her lunch. (acceptable – Everyone ate their lunches.)
  • If anyone calls, please ask his or her name.
  • Who painted to their bodies? Who painted to his or her body?
  1. Reflective Pronoun
  • I myself finished this job. (I myself for emphasis), I finished this job myself.
  • She lives by herself (by + reflective pronoun = alone.)
  • Ashamed of himself, take care of herself, feeling sorry for myself, Talking to myself, laugh at yourself, enjoy yourself, angry at himself, introduce himself, taught themselves, proud of themselves.
  1. One, One’s, impersonal They, You
  • One should be cautious all the time. (one = any person, people in general)
  • One should take care of his health (American English), One should take care of one’s health (British English), One should take care of his or her health (awkward)
  • You should not violate traffic rule. (you = one, you are often used in daily conversation)
  • They should not do that kind of foolish act, shouldn’t they? (They = the people)
  1. Another, Other, Others, each other, one another, every other
  • Other is adjective or pronoun. The other book is yours.
  • Others are pronoun (plural). Others are imported from China.
  • She published another book.
  • It will take another three years. (another = additional) We walked another three miles.
  • Could you give me another five dollars?
  • They chat each other every night. They chat one another every night.
  • You skip reading every other line. (every other = alternative)
  • The other day, The other week. The other morning (not long ago)
  • Other than = except
  • In other words

 

- SAT Grammar, Pronoun Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Pronoun Basics 2
- SAT Grammar, Pronoun Basics 3
Noun Clauses Click

Noun Clause

  1. What
  • Where she lives, What he said, who they are,
  • I don’t know where she lives.
  • I don’t care what he said about me.
  • I don’t know who he is.

 

  1. Whether
  • Whether she will come, if she will come, whether or not, if she comes or not,
  • I do not care whether she will come or not.
  • You need to pay attention if he will finish his job or not.

 

  1. Infinitives
  • What to do, Whether to go or not, hot to get to the bus stop, where to find it

 

  1. That
  • I think that she is pretty.
  • We know (that) everybody is against it.
  • That the world is round is obvious.
  • It is the fact that he skipped his class.

 

  1. Quoted speech
  • He said, “I will not go there.” “My friend,” he said, “will give up.”
  • “They cheated,” said she. -> She said they cheated.
  • She said to me, “Watch the movie!” -> She told me to watch the movie.

 

  1. Using subjunctive I noun clauses
  • They demanded that the company give them a raise.
  • I recommend that she not go to the theater.
  • It is important that you tell the truth.

 

  1. Noun Words
  • Advice, propose, essential, crucial, ask, recommend, imperative, necessary, demand, request, important, vital, insist, suggest
  1. Whoever, However, Whenever
  • Whoever wants can have it. Whatever you say is fine.
  • Whenever you come, we are here for you.
  • However you do, it will not work.
- SAT Grammar, Noun Clause
Verbs Basic Irregular Conjugations Click

Verb's irregular conjugations

  • Past tense
  • Past Participle
  • Others
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Basics 2
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Basics 3
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 1
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 2
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 3
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 4
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 5
- SAT Grammar, Irregular verbs 6
Phrasal Verbs, Verbs with Preposition Click

Phrasal Verbs

  1. put, get, take, turn - away, back, off, on, up
  • Hand in, out, Look up, Make up, pick up, thrown away, out, wake up, write down, call on, come from, get over, get out of, look into, ask out, call back, call off, call up, give back, hang up, pay back, shut off, turn down, turn up, cross out, fill in, fill up, find out, have on, look over, point out, print out, tear down, tear out, tear of, tear up, turn around, turn back, turn over, blow out, bring back, bring up, cheer up, clean up, give away, help out, lay off, leave on, think over, work out,
  • Drop in on, drop out of, fool around with, get along with, get back from, get through with, grow up in, look our for, run out of, sign up for, watch out for, come along with, come over to, cut out of, find out about, get together with, go back to , go over to, hang around with, hang out with, keep away from, set out for, sit around with.

 

  1. Separable phrasal verbs
  • Put our plan off, Please turn the light on, You can look it up. We figure that out. You need to turn your cell phone off.

 

  1. Nonseparable phrasal verbs
  • We ran into our enemy. You need to get off the bus there. The plain took off immediately. Just shut up and get int.

 

  1. Intransitive (no object is necessary)
  • His machine broke down yesterday., They broke up for a minor dispute. The war broke out in Europe. You may come in. Please dress up for the party. Let’s eat out tonight. She fell on the street.
  • Get up, give up, go on, go out, hang up, move in, move out, show up, sit back, sit down, speak up, stand up, start over, stay up, take off.

 

  1. Verb + Adjective + Preposition
  • Belongs to, agree with, devoted to, aware of, excited about, satisfied with. Applied for, admire you for, argue with, introduced him to, leaving for, state at.
  • Be absent from, be afraid of, be angry about, be angry at , be curious about, be familiar with, be full of , be happy for, be happy about, be kind to, be polite to, be ready for, be thirsty for, be aware of, be bad for, be clear to, be crazy about, be different form, be famous for, be friendly to, be good for, arrive in, arrive at, complain about, consists of, consist from, graduated from, listen to, paid for,
  • Ask for advice, ask about the problem, Look at this picture, Look for something. It looks like his brother. The weather does not matter to me. What’s the matter with you? Apologize to my parent, apologize for what you did.

 

 

 

- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Phrasal Verbs 1
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Phrasal Verbs 2
Past Participles Click

Past participles for perfect tense

- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 1
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 2
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 3
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 4
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 5
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 6
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 7
- SAT Grammar, Verbs - Past Participle 8
Verbs, Infinitives, Gerunds Click

Gerunds and infinitives

  1. Verb + Gerunds
  • Some verbs take gerunds - Enjoy, finish, stop, quit, mind, postpone, put off keep, thin about discuss, talk about, consider, go (go shopping, go fishing, go swimming, go hunting)
  1. Verb + infinitives
  • Some verbs take infinitives -Want, hope, decide, seem, learn, need, expect, promise, appear, try, would like, plan, offer, pretend, would love, intend, agree, mean, refuse, forget, (can’t0 afford, (can’t wait)
  1. Verbs + Gerunds or Infinitives

           Some verbs take either one -

  • Begin (It begins showing movies, It begin to show movies)
  • Like, hate, start, love, can’t stand, continue
  1. Preposition + Gerund
  • Insisted on coming, about going, apologize for being,
  • Be afraid of, forgive for, apologize for, be good at, plan on, believe in, insist on, be responsible for, stop (someone) from believing in, dream about, be interested in, thank (someone) for, be excited about, look forward to, be tired of, feel like, be nervous about, worry about
  • By and With
  • Go by bus, create with a computer, by (Transportation and communication) with (tools)
  1. Using gerund as subject
  • Riding horses is fun. Studying hard is not hard. Having a good time is my objective.
  1. Using it + infinitive
  • It is not a good idea to go there alone. It is important to take care of this problem. It is nice for you to offer such a service. It is for a dog to bark.
  1. In order to (purpose)
  • I gather mail to get them out today. I went there to buy something (=purpose)
  1. Too and Enough + infinitive
  • It is too heavy for you to carry alone. You do not enough power to carry it.
  • His school is too far to go by walking. We do not enough time to in this task.
- SAT Grammar, Verbs, Infinitives 1
- SAT Grammar, Verbs, Infinitives 2
- SAT Grammar, Verbs, Infinitives 3
- SAT Grammar, Verbs, Infinitives, Gerunds
Modals Click

Modals

  • Can, must, should, must, may, might, had better study, have to study, have got to study, ought to study
  • Have got to : You’ve got to go now. Had better to: You’d better go now.
  • May (= Might), It may snow tomorrow.
  • Could : past ability, or simple possibility, It could be better from now on.
  • May I, Can I, Could I, :permission, Could I use the bathroom?
  • Would you, Could you, Will you, Can you : polite question, (incorrect) May you do my homework?
  • Should : suggestion, Maybe you should go right now. (maybe soften suggestion)
  • Have to : used in question form, Why did you have to do such a foolish thing?
  • Should, ought to, have got to : necessary
  • Must : logical conclusion
  • Let’s go, Why don’t we : suggesting
  • Would rather : He would rather study in Europe than Asia.
  • Would you like to eat western food or Asian food?
- SAT Grammar, Modal
Adjective Click

Adjective and Adjective Clause

 

  1. An adjective modifies  noun – An adjective Clause modifies a noun
  • He is a kind man. – I know a man who is kind to everyone.
  • The man is crazy. The man sits next to me. -> The man who (or that) is crazy sits next to me.
  • The man is famous. I met the man. -> The man whom (or that) I met is famous.
  • It -> which (or that), The book was thick. I saw the book in the library. -> The book which I saw was thick. I took the book. The book was thick. -> The book which (or that or omit) I took was thick.
  1. Using preposition in adjective clause
  • The man who (or which, omit) I talked to was tall.
  • The desk which (or that, omit) I sitting on was tall.
  • The man whose hat flew away was black.

 

- SAT Grammar, Adjectives - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Adjectives & Adverbs - Basic
Adjective Clauses Click

Adjective and Adjective Clause

  1. An adjective modifies  noun – An adjective Clause modifies a noun
  • He is a kind man. – I know a man who is kind to everyone.
  • The man is crazy. The man sits next to me. -> The man who (or that) is crazy sits next to me.
  • The man is famous. I met the man. -> The man whom (or that) I met is famous.
  • It -> which (or that), The book was thick. I saw the book in the library. -> The book which I saw was thick. I took the book. The book was thick. -> The book which (or that or omit) I took was thick.
  1. Using preposition in adjective clause
  • The man who (or which, omit) I talked to was tall.
  • The desk which (or that, omit) I sitting on was tall.
  • The man whose hat flew away was black.

 

- SAT Grammar, Adjective Clause 1
- SAT Grammar, Adjective Clause 2
Adverb Click

Adverb Clauses

  1. Time Adverb Clauses
  • After, before, when, while, as, as soon as, since, until, by the time, once, as/so long as, whenever, every time, the first time, the last time, the next time
  • I will go to sleep when the sun starts coming out over that mountain.
  1. Cause and Effect
  • Because, now that, since
  • Now that the meeting is over, we can go to eat lunch.
  1. Contrast
  • Even though, although, Though
  • Even thought she was not that pretty, she is very popular among boys.
  1. Direct Contrast
  • While, whereas
  • She is smart, whereas he is strong.
  1. Condition
  • If, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, in case, in the event that
  • He wears short pants whether it is snowing or not.
  • In the event that she calls you, you do not have to answer.
  • You may go ahead and take that unless the owner comes and claim for it.
  • You may eat it if an only if your parent says OK.
  1. Reduction of Adverb Clauses
  • While she was taking shower, -> While taking shower (the subject must be obvious)
  • Since he is studying before the test, -? Since studying before the test,
  • After I finish the dinner, -? After finishing dinner
  • Omitting adverb… While walking around the field-> Walking around the field,
  • Omitting adverb… Talking about the last night, Kicking the can around,
  • Omitting adverb… Because she lacked the scores, -> lacking the scores,
  • Upon & ON… Upon completing the task, On finishing your task,
- SAT Grammar, Adverbs - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Adverbs - Basics 2
Adverb Clauses Click

Time Adverb Clauses

  1. Key words for Adverb Caluse
  • After, before, when, while, as, as soon as, since, until, by the time, once, as/so long as, whenever, every time, the first time, the last time, the next time
  • I will go to sleep when the sun starts coming out over that mountain.
  1. Cause and Effect
  • Because, now that, since
  • Now that the meeting is over, we can go to eat lunch.
  1. Contrast
  • Eve though, although, Though
  • Even thought she was not that pretty, she is very popular among boys.
  1. Direct Contrast
  • While, whereas
  • She is smart, whereas he is strong.
  1. Condition
  • If, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, in case, in the event that
  • He wears short pants whether it is snowing or not.
  • In the event that she calls you, you do not have to answer.
  • You may go ahead and take that unless the owner comes and claim for it.
  • You may eat it if an only if your parent says OK.
  1. Reduction of Adverb Clauses
  • While she was taking shower, -> While taking shower (the subject must be obvious)
  • Since he is studying before the test, -? Since studying before the test,
  • After I finish the dinner, -? After finishing dinner
  • Omitting adverb… While walking around the field-> Walking around the field,
  • Omitting adverb… Talking about the last night, Kicking the can around,
  • Omitting adverb… Because she lacked the scores, -> lacking the scores,
  • Upon & ON… Upon completing the task, On finishing your task,
- SAT Grammar, Adverb Clause 1
- SAT Grammar, Adverb Clause 2
Conjunctions and Conenctives Click

Conjunction and Connectives

  1. And (parallel structure), but
  • Water and Flower, walk and read, can run and swim, to eat and sleep
  • I am unhappy, and she is very happy. (you may omit common)
  • He was honest, but she wouldn’t believe wat he said.
  1. Both, either… or, Not only… but (also), Neither…nor (The closer noun must agree with the verb)
  • I will eat either Chinese or Japanese dish.
  • The news was neither interesting nor accurate.
  • Not only my teacher but his teacher agreed to increase homework.
  1. So, For, Yet
  • I was unhappy, so I left early.
  • He hid himself from her, for she couldn’t find him.
  • She did not prepare for it, yet she did a good job.
  1. Connectives, because, because of, Due to the fact that, Due to (noun clause)
  • Due to the water shortage, you need to take a short shower.
  • Because of the cold shower, you caught a cold.
  1. Therefore, Consequently
  • He did not study. Consequently, he failed the test.
  • He did not study. He, therefore, failed the test.
  1. Such… that, So…that
  • It was such a nice whether that everyone went outside.
  • The water was so hot that he almost got burnt.
  1. So (that) that may be omitted
  • The story was funny so that the room was filled with laughter.
  • I write it on my palm quickly so that I wouldn’t forget it.
  1. Nevertheless, nonetheless, However, I still, Despite, in spite of, despite the fact, in spite of the fact, on the other hand, otherwise
  • The water was cold. Nevertheless, I kept swimming.
  • It was late at night. Nonetheless, I went out to see him.
  • He was happy. She, on the other hand, was very unhappy.
  • You must study more. Otherwise, you may fail the test tomorrow.
- SAT Grammar, Conjunctions - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Conjunctions - Basics 2
Prepositions Click

Proposition, and Verb+ preposition

"Verb + preposition" often has a different meaning.

Learn the type of prepositions that follow a verb

- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basics 1
- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basics 2
- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basic 3
- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basic 4
Prepositions and Verbs Click

Proposition, and Verb+ preposition

"Verb + preposition" often has a different meaning.

Learn the type of prepositions that follow a verb

 

- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basic 5
- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basic 6
- SAT Grammar, Prepositions - Basic 7
Vocabulary Practice for SAT Preparation 1 Click

100 correct and 200 incorrect words to learn in sentences.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 1
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 2
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 3
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 4
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 5
Vocabulary Practice for SAT Preparation 2 Click

100 correct and 200 incorrect words to learn in sentences.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 6
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 7
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 8
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 9
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 10
Kenglsih School Click

This is the admin group for a school

Writing Practice
Subscription Fee: $ 20.00 / month
内容 明細
Words that are often confused or misused Click

The first set

There is confused usage of words and phrases.
accept and except, advice and advise, affect and effect,

all ready and already, among and between,

May be and maybe, dessert and desert,

stationery and stationary altogether and all together,

beside and besides, raise and rise, bring and take, 
conscience and conscious, lay and lie, clothes and cloths,

lend and loan, a couple and a couple of people, people

and person, a lot of tree and a lot of water,
much and many, a lot of and lots of, many and a lot of,

he or she and they, boy's and boys'

a question of time and a matter of time,

in case of and in the case of, pain and pane, tale and tail,

waste and waist, fair and fare, hare and hair,

break and brake, pair and pare, deer and dear,

cloth and clothes, hail and hale

- SAT Writing Practice1, Confusing Words1
- SAT Writing Practice, Correct Expression2
Words that are often confused or misused Click

The Second Set

There are more confusing words or phrases
like and as, less and fewer, agree with and agree to,

impatient with and impatient for and impatient at,
rewarded for and rewarded with and rewarded by, 

authority

 on and authority about, 
in search of and in search for, on the one hand,

and on one hand, a piece of advice and a advice,
a lot of money and much money, who and that,

economy and economics, 

20 dollars and the amount of 20 dollars,

When did you and When have you, 
when she finished and when she has finished,

haven't a clue and don't have a clue,
boring and bored, annoyed and annoying,

worried and worrying, I teach myself and I learned myself,
when and at what time, when he will come and when he comes, 
all together and altogether, alternately and alternatively,

beside and besides, capital and capitol,

complement and compliment, convince and persuade,

 council, councilor, counsel and counselor,

discreet and discrete, disinterested and uninterested,

migrant and immigrant, elicit and illicit,

flammable and inflammable, flaunt and flout,

foreword and forward, hanged and hung,

historic and historical, lightening and lightning,

passed and past, principal and principle

- SAT Writing Practice1, Confusing Words1
- SAT Writing Practice2, Confusing Words3
Words that are often confused or misused Click

The Third Set

  1. There are some fixed expressions that you can use in writing,
  • green as grass, good as gold, brave as lion, cold as ice, bigger and better things,
  • beat around the bush, butterflies in my stomach, honest to goodness, last but the least,
  • live it up, necessary evil, nip in the bud, raining cats and dogs, sad to relate,
  • the time of my life, worse for wear, through thick and thin, in this day and age,
  • goes without saying, fond memories,

 

  1. There are some fixed spelling in the group of words
  • playful - ful, courageous -ous, changeable -able, distance -ance, audience -ence, misspell mis-,
  • dissimilar dis-, unnatural un-,

 

  1. There are compound noun (closed, hyphenated, and open)
  • part time vs part-time, nine years old vs nine-years-old, high speed vs high-speed,

 

  1. Abbreviations
  • vs adjective, and others vs etc, assistant vs asst. avenue vs ave. street vs st.,
  • road vs rd., company vs co., corporation vs corp., department vs depat., building vs bldg.,
  • dozen vs doz., example vs ex., feet vs ft., gallon vs gal., hour vs hr., minute vs min.,
  • second vs sec., month vs mo., year vs yr., number vs no., miscellaneous vs misc.,
  • ounce vs oz., pound vs lb., page vs p. pages vs pp., telephone vs tel., singular vs sing.,
  • plural vs pl., population vs pop., miles per hour vs m.p.h.

 

  1. Redundancy
  • a total of 10 boxes vs 15 boxes, each and every vs each, final ending vs ending, free gift vs gift,
  • period of three months vs three months, refer back vs refer, personally, I think vs I think,
  • repeat again vs repeat, revert back vs revert, square in shape vs square, small in size vs small, return again vs return, ATM machine vs ATM, the future to come vs the future, he is the person who, vs he is, personal opinion vs opinion, circle around vs, circle, in the event that vs if, new innovation vs innovation, shorter in length vs shorter, taller in height vs taller,
  • absolutely essential vs essential, combine together vs combine,
  • cooperate together vs cooperate, rise up vs rise, many in number vs many,
  • completely unanimous vs unanimous,

 

  1. Unnecessary Expressions
  • All things considered, For the most part, In a manner of speaking, as far as I'm concerned, at this point of time, as a matter of fact, due to the fact - because, so to speak,
  • one of the reasons that, in my opinion, more or less, basically,
- SAT Writing Practice3, Fixed Expression
- SAT Writing Practice3, Fixed spelling
Phrase that are often confused or misused Click

The Fourth Set -  Punctuation

Apostrophe


(1) Ownership
(2) Shorten words - Contraction

Colon


(1) Inviting readers to continue on
(2) Introduce a list
(3) Replace comma for a long phrase
(4) Replace comma in business letter as "Dear Mr. Milk:"
(5) Between hours and minutes

Comma 


(1) Separate words and phrases
(2) Enclose a word or a phrase after a noun
(3) Comma before quotation in dialog
(4) Use comma in the letter, after "Dear someone," and "Very truly,"

Dash


(1) Stronger separation than comma

Ellipsis


(1) Omission inside quotation marks as "..."

Exclamation Point


(1) At the end of commands

Hyphen


(1) Separate a word
(2) Compound word
(3) writing number like "thirty-six"
(4) Fraction like "one-half"
(5) Adding prefix like "sun-dried", "self-cleaned"

Parentheses


(1) Indicate something special to explain
(2) Sentence inside sentence - Do not capitalize the sentence inside.
(3) Abbreviation like University of San Jose (USJ)
(4) Itemize using numbers or letters like (a) correct, (b) incorrect.

Period


(1) At the end of declarative sentence

Question mark


(1) At the end of interrogative sentence

Quotation Mark


(1) Dialog - comma before quotation when dialog is in the beginning of sentence, period before quotation when the dialog is at the end of sentence.

Semicolon
(1) Separate independent clauses
(2) Between independent clauses with words like, however, also, besides, indeed, otherwise, therefore, in fact, meanwhile, furthermore and then.
(3) Separator groups of list separated by comma

Slash


(1) Choice of words like A/B

- SAT Writing Practice4, Punctuation
- SAT Writing Practice, Basic 1
Correct/Formal and Incorrect/Informal style of writing Click

Writing Practice basic 1

Write two sentences just like each example below:

  1. Denial twice
  • He isn’t angry. Nor am I.
  • (Do not write this way) He isn’t angry. So aren’t I.
  • (Do not write this way) He isn’t angry. So do I.

 

  1. Practice using ""if"".

Write two sentences just like each example below:

  • If he saw what they are doing, he would stop them.
  • (Do not write this way.) If he would see what they are doing, he would stop them.
  • She said, "If I had money, I would buy a car.”
  • She said that if she had money, she would buy a car.
  • (Do not write this way) She said that if she had had money, she would have bought a car.
  • If he had had a car, he could have gone on the trip to LA.
  • (Do not write this way) If he would have had a car, he could have gone on the trip to LA.
  1. Practice using "if".

Write two sentences just like each example below:

  • If you come late, you will cause trouble to other members.
  • (Wrong way to write) If you will come late, you will cause trouble to other members.
  • If it is rain tomorrow, we won’t go to the beach.
  • (Wrong way to write) If it will be rain tomorrow, we won't go to the beach.
  • If you were here, I would be so happy.
  • (Do not write this way) If you would be here, I would be so happy.
  • If he knew why, he would tell me.
  • If he would know why, he would tell me."

 

  1. Write two more sentences like the example below:

Correct Expression

  • Galileo said the Earth revolves around the Sun.
  • Grammatical, but wrong expression
  • Galileo said the Earth revolved around the Sun.

 

  1. Write two sentences in each different style below:

Formal way to write

  • It is important that she finishes homework early.
  • More colloquial
  • It is important for her to finish homework early.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • (Change to the sentence without quotation) What he said: ""I wish I knew more about it.
  • He said that he wished he knew more about it.
  • (Do not write this way) He said that he wished he had known more about it.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • (Change to the sentence without quotation) What she said: ""I could complete my project yesterday.”
  • She said she had been able to complete the project yesterday.
  • She said she could complete the project yesterday.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • (Change to the sentence without quotation) What the president said: ""My wife suggests that I must lose some weight.
  • The president said that his wife suggested that he must lose some weight.
  • (Do not write this way) The president said that his wife suggested that he should have lost his weight.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • A few of my friends studied overseas.
  • (Do not write this way) A few my friends studied overseas."
  • "Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • All that glitters is not gold.
  • (Do not write this way) All what glitters is not gold.
  • (Do not write this way) All which glitters is not gold.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • Both my parents are teachers.
  • (Do not write this way) Both of my parents are teachers.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • Have you learned the new poem?
  • (Do not write this way) Have you learned the new poetry?

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • Have you received any information?
  • (Do not write this way) Have you received any information?"

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • He doesn’t want to eat now. Neither do I.
  • (Do not write this way) He doesn’t want to eat now. So don’t I.

 

  1. Write two sentences just like each example below:
  • He has never been there.
  • (Do not write this way) He never has been there.

 

- SAT Writing Practice, Correct Expression1
- SAT Writing Practice, Basic 2
Writing Paragraphs Click

Creating paragraphs by putting sentences together.
Clarify your idea.

- SAT Writing Practice, Correct Expression2
- SAT Writing Practice, basic 3
- SAT Writing Practice, basic 5
- SAT Writing Practice, Basic 6
Style of Writings Click

Style of writing
Descriptive and narrative writing style
Fiction and nonfiction
Practical Writing
Opinion and Reporting
Letters
Business letters

- SAT Writing Practice, Writing Style 1
- SAT Writing Practice, Writing Style 2
- SAT Writing Practice, basic 7
- SAT Writing Practice, basic 8
Short Essay Writing Click

Business letter

Biography
Drama
Poet
Essay writing Practice
Practical and Vocational Writing
Pro and Con analysis
Research Paper

- SAT Writing Practice, Writing Assignment 1
- SAT Writing Practice, Basic 9
- SAT Writing practice, basic 10
- SAT Writing Practice, Basic 11
- SAT Writing Practice, basic 12

SAT Test 1
Subscription Fee: $ 50.00 / month
内容 明細
SAT Practice Test, Reading Comprehension Click

SAT Practice Test Set 1 - 2016 version
part 1 - 5 Reading Comprehension Test

- SAT Test Set 1, Reading Comp 1
- SAT Test Set 1, Reading Comp 2
- SAT Test Set 1, Reading Comp 3
- SAT Test Set 1, Reading Comp 4
- SAT Test Set 1, Reading Comp 5
Sat Practice Test Writing and Language Click

SAT Practice Test Set 1 - 2016 version
part 2 - 4 Writing Skills Test

- SAT Test Set 1, Writing and Language 1
- SAT Test Set 1, Writing and Language 2
- SAT Test Set 1, Writing and Language 3
- SAT Test Set 1, Writing and Language 4
SAT Essay Optional Writing Test 1 Click

SAT Practice Test Set 1 - 2016 version
Optional - Essay Writing Test

- SAT Test Set 1, SAT Essay
Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 1 Click

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 1
The bonus session for SAT preparation.
Question and Answer style is the best way to practice and enhance vocabularies.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 11
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 12

SAT Test 2
Subscription Fee: $ 50.00 / month
内容 明細
SAT Practice Test, Reading Comprehension Click

SAT Practice Test Set 2 - 2016 version
part 1 - 5 Reading Comprehension Test

- SAT Test Set 2, Reading Comp 1
- SAT Test Set 2, Reading Comp 2
- SAT Test Set 2, Reading Comp 3
- SAT Test Set 2, Reading Comp 4
- SAT Test Set 2, Reading Comp 5
Sat Practice Test, Writing and Language Click

SAT Practice Test Set 2 - 2016 version
part 2 - 4 Writing Skills Test

- SAT Test Set 2, Writing and Language 1
- SAT Test Set 2, Writing and Language 2
- SAT Test Set 2, Writing and Language 3
- SAT Test Set 2, Writing and Language 4
SAT Essay Optional Test 2 Click

SAT Practice Test Set 2 - 2016 version
Optional - Essay Writing Test

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 2 Click

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 2
The bonus session for SAT preparation.
Question and Answer style is the best way to practice and enhance vocabularies..

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 13
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 14

SAT Test 3
Subscription Fee: $ 50.00 / month
内容 明細
SAT Practice Test, Reading Comprehension Click

SAT Practice Test Set 3 - 2016 version
part 1 - 5 Reading Comprehension Test

- SAT Test Set 3, Reading Comp 1
- SAT Test Set 3, Reading Comp 2
- SAT Test Set 3, Reading Comp 3
- SAT Test Set 3, Reading Comp 4
- SAT Test Set 3, Reading Comp 5
Sat Practice Test, Writing and Language Click

SAT Practice Test Set 3 - 2016 version
part 2 - 4 Writing Skills Test

- SAT Test Set 3, Writing and Language 1
- SAT Test Set 3, Writing and Language 2
- SAT Test Set 3, Writing and Language 3
- SAT Test Set 3, Writing and Language 4
SAT Essay Optional Writing Test 3 Click

SAT Practice Test Set 3 - 2016 version
Optional - Essay Writing Test

- SAT Test Set 3, SAT Essay
Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 3 Click

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 3
The bonus session for SAT preparation.
Question and Answer style is the best way to practice and enhance vocabularies.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 15
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 16

SAT Test 4
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内容 明細
SAT Practice Test, Reading Comprehension Click

SAT Practice Test Set 4 - 2016 version
part 1 - 5 Reading Comprehension Test

- SAT Test Set 4, Reading Comp 1
- SAT Test Set 4, Reading Comp 2
- SAT Test Set 4, Reading Comp 3
- SAT Test Set 4, Reading Comp 4
- SAT Test Set 4, Reading Comp 5
SAT Practice Test, Writing and Language Click

SAT Practice Test Set 4 - 2016 version
part 2 - 4 Writing Skills Test

- SAT Test Set 4, Writing and Language 1
- SAT Test Set 4, Writing and Language 2
- SAT Test Set 4, Writing and Language 3
- SAT Test Set 4, Writing and Language 4
SAT Essay Optional Writing Test 4 Click

SAT Practice Test Set 4 - 2016 version
Optional - Essay Writing Test

- SAT Test Set 4, SAT Essay
Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 4 Click

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 4
The bonus session for SAT preparation.
Question and Answer style is the best way to practice and enhance vocabularies.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 17
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 18

SAT Test 5
Subscription Fee: $ 50.00 / month
内容 明細
SAT Practice Test, Reading Comprehension Click

SAT Practice Test Set 5 - 2016 version
part 1 - 5 Reading Comprehension Test

- SAT Test Set 5, Reading Comp 1
- SAT Test Set 5, Reading Comp 2
- SAT Test Set 5, Reading Comp 3
- SAT Test Set 5, Reading Comp 4
- SAT Test Set 5, Reading Comp 5
SAT Practice Test, Writing and Language Click

SAT Practice Test Set 5 - 2016 version
part 2 - 4 Writing Skills Test

- SAT Test Set 5, Writing and Language 1
- SAT Test Set 5, Writing and Language 2
- SAT Test Set 5, Writing and Language 3
- SAT Test Set 5, Writing and Language 4
SAT Essay Optional Writing Test 5 Click

SAT Practice Test Set 5 - 2016 version
Optional - Essay Writing Test

- SAT Test Set 5, SAT Essay
Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 5 Click

Vocabulary Enhancement Bonus Test 5
The bonus session for SAT preparation.
Question and Answer style is the best way to practice and enhance vocabularies.

- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 19
- SAT Vocab. Enhancement 20